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Budgie Parakeet Colors, Varieties, Mutations and Genetics

Budgie parakeets come in so many colors and mutations they remind me of jellybeans!

Budgie parakeets come in so many colors and mutations they remind me of jellybeans! These birds are part of our family flock.

Color Mutations

Original Australian wild type green budgerigar parakeet

Original Australian wild type green budgerigar parakeet

In the wild, Budgie Parakeets are green with yellow, with black stripes and markings, and dark blue-green-black flight and tail feathers. Captive breeding programs, however, have produced Budgies in almost every color of the rainbow, except red and pink. They are so colorful, they remind me of jellybeans!

All captive budgerigars are divided into two basic series of colors: white-based (includes skyblue, cobalt, mauve, gray, violet, and white) and yellow-based (includes light-green, dark-green, gray-green, olive, and yellow). Green (yellow base) is dominant and blue (white base) is recessive. There are at least 32 primary mutations in the budgerigar, enabling hundreds of possible secondary mutations and color varieties!

One of my all time personal favorite mutation combinations is pictured below — I call it a Rainbow Spangle. “Toto”, a budgie raised by us, is a yellow-face type 2 sky-blue opaline spangle.

Rainbow Spangle includes yellow-face type 2, skyblue, opaline, and spangle mutations.

A combination of several mutations, I call this a “Rainbow Spangle”.


Yellow Base Color (includes light-green, dark-green, gray-green, olive, and yellow)

Green (yellow base) is dominant and blue (white base) is recessive.

Dark Factor in Yellow Base Color

There are 3 color variations for both the white base color and the yellow base color. In the yellow base color, the dark factor genes make these color variations:

Yellow Base Color:
0 dark factors = light green
1 dark factors = dark green
2 dark factors = olive

Mutations like Lutinos and Double-Factor Spangles still have dark factors but they are not seen visually.

Lutino American Parakeet

Lutino

Light-green opaline spangle English budgie x American parakeet cross

Light-Green (additional mutations present: Opaline, Spangle)

Dark-green English budgie x American parakeet cross

Dark-Green

Dark Factor Breeding Outcomes (Punnett Square)

Dark Factor budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Dark Factor budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


White Base Color (includes skyblue, cobalt, mauve, gray, violet, and white)

Blue (white base) is recessive to green (yellow base).

Dark Factor in White Base Color

There are 3 color variations for both the white (blue) series and the yellow (green) series birds. In the white series, the dark factor genes make these color variations:

White (blue) series:
0 dark factors = skyblue
1 dark factors = cobalt
2 dark factors = mauve

Albinos and Double-Factor Spangles still have dark factors but they are not seen visually.

Albino American parakeet

Albino

Skyblue cinnamon-wing English Budgie

Skyblue (other mutation present: Cinnamon-Wing)

Cobalt-blue Yellowface type 1 American parakeet

Cobalt (other mutation present: Yellowface type 1)


Violet Factor

The violet factor affects both white-based (blue) and yellow-based (green) colors.

Violet greywing American parakeet

Violet (other mutation present: Sky-blue, Greywing)

Violet opaline spangle budgie parakeet

Violet (other mutations present: Sky-blue, Opaline, Spangle)

Violet Budgie Parakeet

Violet (other mutations present: Cobalt)

Violet Breeding Outcomes (Punnett Square)

Violet Factor budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Violet Factor budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Gray Factor

The gray factor affects both white-based (blue) and yellow-based (green) colors.

Gray normal English x American budgie

Gray normal English x American budgie

Gray yellowface spangle budgie parakeet

Gray yellowface spangle budgie parakeet

Gray-green opaline baby English Budgie

Gray-green opaline baby English Budgie

Gray factor budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Gray factor budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Dilution

In addition to a dark factor, budgies may also have a degree of dilution. There are four types of dilution: Greywing, Full-Body-Color Greywing, Clearwing, and Dilute.

Dilute

Dilute blue opaline American parakeet

Dilute blue opaline American parakeet

When a budgie has two of the recessive Dilute genes, its markings and color are about 70% washed out when compared to a normal.

Greywing

Greywing blue American Parakeet

Greywing blue American Parakeet

Greywing light-green American parakeet

Greywing light-green American parakeet

A homozygous Greywing (or a Greywing budgie with the recessive Dilute gene) has gray wing markings and a 50% diluted body color.

Full-Body-Color Greywing

Full-Body-Color Greywing light green American parakeet

Full-Body-Color Greywing light green American parakeet

When a budgie has both the Greywing and Clearwing gene, it is a Full-Body-Color Greywing with grey wing markings and bright body color.

Clearwing

Clearwing dark green American parakeet

Clearwing dark green American parakeet

A homozygous Clearwing (or a Clearwing budgie with the recessive Dilute gene) has less pigment in the wings, causing very light markings, and more pigment in the body feathers, causing a bright body color.

Dilution Breeding Outcomes

Normal = dominant
Greywing = recessive, co-dominant with clearwing
Clearwing = recessive, co-dominant with greywing
Dilute = recessive

normal + normal = normal
normal + greywing = normal split for greywing
normal + clearwing = normal split for clearwing
normal + dilute = normal split for dilute
greywing + greywing = greywing
greywing + clearwing = full body color greywing
greywing + dilute = greywing split for dilute
clearwing + clearwing = clearwing
clearwing + dilute = clearwing split for dilute
dilute + dilute = dilute

Two full body color greywings =
50% full body color greywing
25% greywing
25% clearwing

Dilute budgie parakeet breeding punnet square

Dilute budgie parakeet breeding punnet square


Ino (Lutino / Albino)

Lutino American parakeet (solid yellow with red/pink eyes)

Lutino American parakeet (solid yellow with red/pink eyes)

Albino American parakeet (solid white with red/pink eyes)

Albino American parakeet (solid white with red/pink eyes)

The ino gene removes all the melanin (the substance that creates all the dark colors) removed, so a blue series budgie becomes white (Albino) and a green series one become yellow (Lutino). The gene also removes the dark shade from the skin and beak leaving them with pink legs and an orange beak. The dark color of the eye is also gone leaving a red eye with a white iris ring, and the cheek patches are silvery white. It removes the blue shade from the cocks cere too so he’ll have a pink/purple colored cere; the hen’s cere is the usual white to brown shade. Because usually only the white and yellow colors are left, an ino can hide the fact that it also has other varieties present genetically. The only varieties that show are the yellow faces or golden faces and they are only obvious on an albino budgie.

Ino (Albino / Lutino) Breeding Outcomes

The ino gene is sex-linked and recesssive:

ino x ino = 100% ino

ino cock x normal hen =
50% normal split for ino cocks
50% ino hens

normal cock x ino hen =
50% normal split for ino cocks
50% normal hens

normal split for ino cock x normal hen =
25% normal cocks
25% normal split for ino cocks
25% ino hens
25% normal hens

Albino / Lutino / Ino budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Albino / Lutino / Ino budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Yellowface

Yellowface type 1 blue English budgie

Yellowface type 1 blue English budgie

Yellow face gray dominant pied English budgie

Yellow face gray dominant pied English budgie

Yellowface budgies are in between yellow-based budgies and white-based budgies and the genetics are complicated. There are different degrees of the level of yellow pigment but it is less than the yellow-based variety. The double factor birds contain less yellow than single factor birds. The Yellowface mutation is possible in all of the blue series birds, including Albinos, Dark-Eyed Clears, Grays, Violets and in all their three depths of shade (ie. Skyblue, Cobalt, Mauve). Green series birds can mask a Yellowface character, and they can carry both Yellowface and Blue splits at the same time. Visually, there are two types of Yellowface: Type 1 and Type 2:

Type 1 Yellowface

Yellowface type 1 skyblue single-factor violet clearflight pied opaline American parakeet

Yellowface type 1 skyblue single-factor violet clearflight pied opaline American parakeet

In Type 1, the yellow is confined to the mask feathers, plus maybe the peripheral tail feathers, only. The body feathers are normally colored.

Type 2 Yellowface

Yellowface type 2 skyblue Greywing American Parakeet

Yellowface type 2 skyblue Greywing American Parakeet. The Yellowface type 2 mutation “bleeds” down into the blue body color, creating a seafoam-green effect.

Yellow face type 2 American parakeet

Yellow face type 2 American parakeet. With the YF 2 mutation, the yellow spreads into the blue body color to create turquoise.

Type 2 Yellowface budgies have yellow in the mask feathers and tail, just like the Type 1. However, after the first molt at around 3 months of age, the yellow diffuses into the body color and creates a new color, depending on the original color. The single factor (SF) Yellowface 2 Skyblue variety is like a normal Light Green but has a very bright body color midway between blue and green — a shade often called sea-green or turquoise. The body feathers of the SF Yellowface 2 Cobalt are bottle-green and in the SF Yellowface 2 Mauve they are a mixture of mauve and olive. The double factor (DF) Yellowface 2 Skyblue variety is very similar to the Yellowface 1 Skyblue, but the yellow pigmentation is brighter, and tends to leak into the body feathers to a greater extent.

In combination with the Blue, Opaline and Clearwing mutations, the single factor (SF) Yellowface 2 mutation produces the variety called Rainbow.

Yellowface Breeding Outcomes

The yellowface type 2 gene is dominant to the yellowface type 1, meaning that it is visually expressed and the type 1 is masked in a genotypically type 1 x type 2 bird. When two yellowface type 1 skyblues are paired together, half the chicks will be yellowface type 1 skyblues and half will be normal skyblues in appearance. But half of these apparent skyblues will be double factor (DF) yellowface 1’s. Here are the breeding expectations using punnett squares:

Yellowface budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Yellowface budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Striping Pattern Mutations

Cinnamon

Cinnamon-Wing gray-green English Budgie baby

Cinnamon-Wing gray-green English Budgie baby

Cinnamon-wing sky-blue English budgie hen

Cinnamon-wing sky-blue English budgie hen

All the markings which appear black or dark gray in the Normal appear brown in the Cinnamon. The Cinnamon markings on cocks tend to be darker than on hens. The long tail feathers are lighter than Normals. The body color and cheek patches are much paler, being about half the depth of color of the Normal. The feathers of Cinnamons appear tighter than Normals, giving a silky appearance. The eyes of the newly-hatched Cinnamon are not black like the eyes of Normals, but deep plum-colored. This color can be seen through the skin before the eyes open. A few days after the eyes open, the eye darkens and is then barely distinguishable from the that of a Normal chick, but by this time the difference in down color is visible: Normal chicks have gray down, but Cinnamon (and Opaline and Ino) chicks have white. The skin of Cinnamon chicks is also redder than Normal’s, and this persists into adulthood: the feet of Cinnamons are always pink rather than bluey-gray. The beak tends to be more orange in color.

In birds, the cock has two X chromosomes and the hen has one X and one Y chromosome. So in hens whichever allele is present on the single X chromosome is fully expressed in the phenotype. Hens cannot be split for Cinnamon (or any other sex-linked mutation). In cocks, because Cinnamon is recessive, the Cinnamon allele must be present on both X chromosomes (homozygous) to be expressed in the phenotype. Cocks which are heterozygous for Cinnamon are identical to the corresponding Normal. Such birds are said to be split for Cinnamon. The Cinnamon with Ino can create the Lacewing variety.

Cinnamon Breeding Outcomes

Cinnamon is a sex-linked recessive gene:

cinnamon x cinnamon = 100% cinnamon

cinnamon cock x normal hen =
50% normal split for cinnamon cocks
50% cinnamon hens

normal cock x cinnamon hen =
50% normal split for cinnamon cocks
50% normal hens

normal split for cinnamon cock x normal hen =
25% normal cocks
25% normal split for cinnamon cocks
25% cinnamon hens
25% normal hens

normal split for cinnamon cock x cinnamon hen =
25% normal cocks
25% normal split for cinnamon cocks
25% cinnamon hens
25% normal hens

Cinnamon-wing budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Cinnamon-wing budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Opaline

Opaline vs Normal green budgie parakeet

Opaline parakeet on the right, normal on the left.

The striping pattern on the head feathers is reversed so that there are thicker white areas and thinner black stripes. Another feature of this mutation is that the body feather color runs through the stripes on the back of the neck and down through the wing feathers. Opaline budgies’ tails are characteristically patterned with light and colored areas running down the tail feather. Most Opalines show a brighter body color than the corresponding non-Opaline, particularly in nest feather and in the rump area. The Opaline (and the Cinnamon) can be identified at a very early age because the color of the down feathers of the young nestling are white instead of the usual gray.

Opaline Breeding Outcomes

Opaline is a sex-linked recessive gene:

opaline x opaline = 100% opaline

opaline cock x normal hen =
50% normal split for opaline cocks
50% opaline hens

normal cock x opaline hen =
50% normal split for opaline cocks
50% normal hens

normal split for opaline cock x normal hen =
25% normal cocks
25% normal split for opaline cocks
25% opaline hens
25% normal hens

normal split for opaline cock x opaline hen =
25% normal cocks
25% normal split for opaline cocks
25% opaline hens
25% normal hens


Spangle

Single Factor Spangle violet opaline American parakeet x English budgie cross

Single Factor Spangle violet opaline American parakeet x English budgie cross

Double Factor Spangle English budgie

Double Factor Spangle English budgie

SINGLE Factor Spangle: The markings on the wings, the throat spots and the tail feathers are altered on the single factor Spangle. The feathers have a white or yellow edge, then a thin black pencil line, then the center of the feather is yellow or white. The throat spots are often all or partly missing but if present look like targets, with a yellow or white center. The long tail feathers can be like the wing feathers with a thin line near the edge, or they may be plain white, yellow or solid dark blue as in a normal.

DOUBLE Factor Spangle: Pure white or yellow bird, though sometimes with a slight suffusion of body color.

Both types of Spangle have normal dark eyes with a white iris ring and normal ceres. Their feet and legs can be gray or fleshy pink. They can have either violet or silvery white cheek patches (or a mixture of both).

Spangle Breeding Outcomes:

Spangle is an incomplete dominant gene. This means it has three forms: the non-spangle, the single factor spangle and the double factor spangle. Spangle genetics sometimes do not act as expected.

normal x single factor spangle =
50% normal
50% single factor spangle

normal x double factor spangle =
100% single factor spangle

single factor spangle x single factor spangle =
25% normal
50% single factor spangle
25% double factor spangle

single factor spangle x double factor spangle =
50% single factor spangle
50% double factor spangle

double factor spangle x double factor spangle =
100% double factor spangle

Spangle budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Spangle budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Pied Mutations

All pied budgerigars are characterized by having irregular patches of completely clear feathers appearing anywhere in the body, head or wings. These clear feathers are pure white in blue-series birds and yellow in birds of the green series. Such patches are completely devoid of black melanin pigment. The remainder of the body is colored normally.


Dominant Pied

Dominant Pied (single factor) yellow face type 2 skyblue English budgie

Dominant Pied (single factor) yellow face type 2 skyblue English budgie

Dominant pied (single factor) skyblue American parakeet

Dominant pied (single factor) skyblue American parakeet

Dominant pied (single factor) green American parakeet

Dominant pied (single factor) green American parakeet

Double factor dominant pied skyblue budgie parakeet

Double Factor Dominant Pied sky-blue American parakeet. The white iris ring identifies this as a double factor.

Odd-eyed pied (double-factor dominant pied split for recessive pied) budgie parakeet

Odd-Eyed Pied (double-factor dominant pied split for recessive pied) American parakeet. Her left eye has an eye-ring but the right eye doesn’t.

Dominant Pied budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Dominant Pied budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Recessive Pied

Recessive Pied light-green American Parakeet

Recessive Pied light-green American Parakeet

Recessive Pied light-green opaline American Parakeet

Recessive Pied light-green opaline American Parakeet

Recessive Pied budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Recessive Pied budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Clearflight Pied

The Clearflight Pied has two main characteristics: a clear patch on the back of the head and, ideally, completely clear primary flight and long tail feathers. All other features are normal. Sometimes the major coverts (row of feathers above the flight feathers) are also clear. Usually there are some small patches of clear body feathers up around the neck. Poorly marked Clearflight Pieds can look like Recessive Pieds, but they can be distinguished from them by the white iris ring, which is always present in adult Clearflights. Some specimens may also resemble Australian Pieds but may be distinguished from them by two characteristics: Clearflights have normally colored blue-gray feet (Dominant Pieds usually have pink feet), and second, if they possess extensive clear areas on the breast, these always extends down from the mask whereas the clear areas of a Dominant Pied are always lower down on the abdomen with an area of normal body color immediately below the mask and separated from it by a sharp dividing line

The inheritance pattern of Clearflight Pied is the same as Dominant Pied. However, Clearflight Pied is unrelated to either Dominant Pied or Recessive Pied, and a budgie can have any combination of the three pieds at the same time. There are only two alleles for Clearflight Pied: the normal gene and the Clearflight Pied gene. The Clearflight Pied gene is completely dominant to the recessive normal gene. This means that a single-factor (sf) Clearflight Pied looks the same as the double-factor (df) Clearflight Pied.

Clearflight Pied budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Clearflight Pied budgie parakeet breeding punnett square


Dark-Eyed Clear

Dark-eyed Clears are completely clear (yellow or white) with no trace of the ghost markings often seen in Inos. The eye stays solid black (which can appear a dark plum color in some lights) with no visible iris ring, like Recessive Pieds. The Dark-Eyed Clear’s dark eyes never lighten with age. The cheek patches are silvery white, and the beak, cere and feet are also like those of the Recessive Pied. The cere of the male Dark-Eyed Clear does not change normally: adult male Dark-Eyed Clears have purple ceres; adult female Dark-Eyed Clears have the normal white/tan/brown ceres.

Dark-eyed Clears are a combination of the Recessive Pied and Clearflight Pied mutations, having two Recessive Pied alleles and either one or two Clearflight Pied alleles. When Clearflight Pieds are paired with Recessive Pieds and the resulting Clearflights/Recessive Pied young are paired back to Recessive Pieds, some birds are produced with one Clearflight Pied allele and two Recessive Pied alleles.

Dark Eyed Clear budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Dark Eyed Clear budgie parakeet breeding punnett square

Rare Mutations

Texas Clearbody

Texas Clearbody budgie parakeet

Texas Clearbody on the left, normal green hen on the right. Texas Clearbodies can be either all yellow or all white with black markings. The best ones have very little green or blue suffusion in their feathers.

Texas Clearbody gray-green opaline American parakeet x English budgie cross

Texas Clearbody gray-green opaline American parakeet x English budgie cross

Texas Clearbody Breeding Outcomes

The Texas Clearbody is sex-linked recessive to normal but sex-linked dominant over Ino.

Ino cock × Clearbody hen =
50% Normal split for Ino cocks
50% Ino hens

Clearbody cock × Ino hen =
50% Normal split for Ino cocks
50% Clearbody hens

Clearbody split for Ino cock × Ino hen =
25% Clearbody split for Ino cocks
25% Ino cocks
25% Clearbody hens
25% Ino hens

Clearbody split for Ino cock × Clearbody hen =
25% Clearbody cocks
25% Clearbody split for Ino cocks
25% Clearbody hens
25% Ino hens

Normal split for Clearbody cock × Ino hen =
25% Clearbody split for Ino cocks
25% Normal split for Ino cocks
25% Clearbody hens
25% Normal hens

Clear body cock × Normal hen =
50% Normal split for Clearbody cocks
50% Clearbody hens

Clearbody split for Ino cock × Normal hen =
25% Normal split for Clearbody cocks
25% Normal split for Ino cocks
25% Clearbody hens
25% Ino hens

Normal split for Clearbody cock × Clearbody hen =
25% Normal split for Clearbody cocks
25% Clearbody cocks
25% Clearbody hens
25% Normal hens

Normal split for Clearbody cock × Normal hen =
25% Normal split for Clearbody cocks
25% Normal cocks
25% Clearbody hens
25% Normal hens

Normal cock × Clearbody hen =
50% Normal split for Clearbody cocks
50% Normal hens

Clearbody cock × Clearbody hen =
50% Clearbody cocks
50% Clearbody hens

Normal split for Ino cock × Clearbody hen =
25% Clearbody split for Ino cocks
25% Normal split for Clearbody cocks
25% Ino hens
25% Normal hens


Rainbow

A Classic Rainbow budgie is one that shows a combination of mutations. It is defined specifically as a yellow faced blue series opaline clearwing (whitewing).

How To Produce a Classic Rainbow Budgie

– Both parents need to be clearwing or split for clearwing.
– Male needs to be opaline or split for opaline.
– Both parents need to be blue or split for blue.
– One of the parents needs to be yellow face type 2.

Budgies that are just as beautiful as Classic Rainbows can be produced by using spangles instead of clearwings.

Rainbow Spangle

Rainbow Spangle

How To Produce a Rainbow Spangle Budgie

– One or both parents need to be spangle (but pairing 2 double-factors won’t work).
– Male needs to be opaline or split for opaline.
– Both parents need to be blue or split for blue.
– One of the parents needs to be yellow face type 2.


See more pictures and descriptions of colors, varieties and mutations on Our Flock page!

(punnet square credits: april8791)

More Budgie Parakeet Pages

Nutrition and Food Recommendations: Birds fed seed-only diets have a much shorter life span. We provide lists of healthy foods and show you how to grow your own sprouts.

Colors, Varieties, Mutations, Genetics: Budgie Parakeets come in a rainbow of colors. This page has beautiful photos with variety and mutation descriptions.

How To Care For Your Budgie Parakeet: What is the best cage and how should I set it up? How do I keep my budgie healthy and safe? What are the best toys and playtime activities? How do I trim their wing feathers?

FAQ (frequently asked questions): What is a budgie parakeet’s personality like? What are the differences between American parakeets and English budgies? How do you tell a male from a female? Should you keep one, two or more? How long do they live? Where did the species originate?

Training, Tricks, Talking: A step-by-step guide for finger-training, trust-building, and bonding. Watch informative and entertaining video demonstrations. Find out how many words they can learn to say.

Play gyms, Stands and Perches: How to make your own (or order a custom one from us).

Homemade Aviaries and Flight Cages: How to converted used furniture into large flight cages and beautiful indoor aviaries.

Parakeet Food and Supplies Market: We offer organic, homemade bird food plus other essential bird supplies.

Budgie Parakeet Breeder in Colorado: Our family raises, hand-feeds, trains and adores budgie parakeets! Learn more about our selective breeding program and view our gorgeous, tame birds.

Inside Our Aviary: See where our birds live — flight enclosures, breeding room, play gyms.

Our Flock of Budgie Parakeets: Take a peek at our gorgeous feathered friends. Lots of photos with color mutations listed!

Adorable Pictures of Our Hand-fed Babies: Come ooh and aahh over all the cuteness and watch them grow up!

Pre-Adoption Questionnaire: If you are interested in adopting one (or more) of our parakeets, please respond to these questions.

Budgie Baby Waiting List: I know how hard it is to wait when you’re excited but I promise you, the wait is worth it!

79 comments… add one

  • Sophie

    Hi there, im trying to breed my budgies at the moment, the female is a dark eyed white, and the male is a violet colbat, what would i get out of them?

  • dickie craig

    I have breed a lutino yellow pink eyes male with a solid white black eyes female.What color babies should i expect. thank you

    • @Dickie Craig: Since Ino is sex-linked, you’ll get 100% visual Lutino females, and 100% males split to Lutino (hidden). It sounds like the female is a double-factor Spangle (confirm that she has white iris rings) in which case all babies will be Spangles. If the male is split to white-based (blue) then you’ll get 50% white-based (blue) and 50% yellow-based (green); if he’s not split then all babies will be yellow-based (green). Best of luck! ~Jen

  • dev anand

    I hav a pair of wild green budgie male and yellow bodied with little amount of green female…thn wat will be the color of their small budgies……….??? till now their babies are dilute green colorr,,,yellow bodied,,,and grey with blue….these are the colors i got frm that pair…..can i expect any more colorrr???

  • @Dev Anand: Sounds like both parents are split for blue and greywing (recessives). Mom sounds like a pied — if she’s a dominant pied, then half the babies will be pied. But if she’s a recessive pied, then none — unless the dad is split for recessive pied.

    How many clutches have they had? Make sure you remove their nest box to give them a rest. They should have no more than 2 clutches a year.

  • @Sophie: You can expect all white-based babies (white, grey, blue, violet) and some pieds (dark-eyed clears are a combo of clearflight pied and recessive pied). If you don’t know their pedigrees, you may find some surprises with hidden recessive mutations cropping up as well.

  • Hailey

    I am a parakeet owner and would like to make sure from an expert about something. The cere above their beeks can identify their gender, and from what I’ve gathered a blue or purple one means a boy and a brown one means a girl. But if you get young parakeets do their cere change color a bit before they get a bit older? And if so how long until the color settles? I’m hoping I didn’t get the incorrect gender!

  • G.M.Smith

    I need advice regarding a new Dominant Pied mutation in Ringnecks. I suspect it to be the similar mutation as Clearflight in budgerigars, but I get completely confused between the different Dom Pied budgerigar mutations,– Dom Pied, Clearflight, Clearbody and Easly Clearbody, Clearwing, Spangle and then Danish, Dutch, Australian.

    Will anyone help. I specifically suspect it to be Clearflight. Does anyone have a picture of a Turquoiseblue Clearflight, an Opaline Clearflight or a Opaline Turquoiseblue Clearflight?

    Deon Smith
    South Africa

  • Edith

    I have an white parakeet with red eyes. She has purple cheek patches, her beak is orange and has pink feet. She has hints of very light yellow on her sides. I’m not sure if she would be an albino. Her eyes are red and she has the orange beak and pink legs but the cheek patches and bits of yellow throw me off.

  • ash

    Hello! I have a toughie for you, (at least I think so) I have a male skyblue greywing, and the female I just got and am trying to figure her out, but what she looks like is a olive green recessive pied, the “spots” on her wings looks like the average black, but some spots are brown? She’s a cute little weirdo! Lol! But what color mutation do you think I would get with these two? I can’t make heads or tails of the charts. (They are aptly named Frank Sinatra & Robin Bird) thanks! 🙂

    • Ash: The only dominant gene here is green… so you will get greens. The rest of the mutations between your pair are recessives: blue, greywing, recessive pied. So only if your hen is split for blue will you get some blues; if she’s split for greywing, you’ll get some greywings. Only if the male is split for recessive pied will you’ll get some RP.

  • ash

    Thanks for informative help. I plan on breeding these two within the year, and believe me, I have done my homework on the subject, and plan to do some experimenting on different breeding ideas. The only subject I didn’t quite understand is the color variations and how they turn out when crossed. So again thanks for the help. 😀

  • Rakesh

    Hi, Rakesh here I have a wild green english female Budgie n I want to buy a male for her, I dont want her babies to be of green color so pls tell me which color male should I bring, so that I’l get different color babies( atleast other than green).
    Thanku

    • Rakesh, if your green budgie is NOT split for blue, then you will get all green babies. If the hen IS split for blue and you pair her with a blue male, you should expect 50% greens and 50% blues. Remember, green is dominant over blue.

  • Frances

    Hi, I’m trying to breed a black budgie (really dark grey budgies) or anthracites. What cock/hen colours do I need to get to try for that? I have a yellow face/dark grey with some dark green patches here and there on her front.Should I try her with what colour male to keep the dark in the genes?
    Also trying to get yellow face/mauve (purple) as well. What do you suggest?
    Thank you.

    • @Frances: To get an anthracite chick, you need to start with an anthracite gene in the breeding pair. Likewise with violets. Mauve is a double factor dark, it isn’t a violet factor.

  • John Burak

    We just got a budgie with orange on her face, can that be?

  • Abhijit

    I have a pair of sky blue parakeet. The female has recently laid 07 eggs and is brooding. She is only out from her nest when she wants to defecate or else rarely. The male is of-course found feeding the female very often. The basic diet that i give is mainly seeds. Do i need to add some supplement in the feed at this stage so that the female stays healthy? Among the offspring that are going to be hatched, can i expect one odd chick of different colour?

  • David Harris

    Hi,
    Please do not call Budgies American Parakeets.
    They are an australian bird .(Evolved and Endemic)
    They are not an american bird .
    Thankyou

  • Rain

    HI, I was just wondering if there is any way to enhance a budgies color, whether by its diet or supplements. My 8 week old budgie seems both violet and cobalt, i’m leaning to the violet side. also, can color be indicative of any health issues, as in, does poor color equal to poor health?
    thank you for your time!

  • Me

    If I were trying to breed yellowface cobalt American and a wild type budgerigar that was green, wat would I get, and what are these birds seperate genotypes

  • Caci

    Hi there I have a female lutino, and the male is a yellow face clearwing opaline, what colors of the babies should I expect, also the female has white tip on her tail and two very light dark spots, one on wing the other on her cheek, is she truly a lutino, if not what is she, they are young right now though

  • Danny

    5 parakeets and I have 2 that have been with me for 4 months could they mate? And I have The Blue parakeet is a Girl supposevely she has a little pink whitish beak and the Yellow which is a male has a blue Beak pls someone help I want to breed these two 🙂 Thank you

  • Yvonne Laguna

    Hi, I have a american budgie that we think is a Male, it does not play with very many of the toys in it’s huge flight cage. If I get another male to go with him, will they still play with toys in the cage or only each other? Let me know Thanks. Also I will be Bringing two handfed baby males home soon, if I want to train them to talk, should I keep them in different cages? Let me know soon Thanks.

  • Marissa.salas

    How to breed parakeets?

  • Dore-Leigh

    I have two budgies one with a white tag an the other with a blue and white tag. One is white with red like eyes the other is blue with white and grey fethers. We had three Birds come with them with out tags and 2 of them are white with some black and blue on their tail. One of them were yellow with black on the head I am wondering if they are the babies of the white and blue one

  • Natasha

    This page with its HD visual pictures was really helpful. I love these little guys and I do believe I’ve had the slate, both regulars, recessive pied and opaline budgies before. Thanks!

  • turk

    dear sir/madam,

    thank you very much for your valuable site. very interesing.

    i was looking for creation of pied, would you kindly guide me how i can make paied if i have albino and pure violet wither single factor or double factor please?

    many thanks,

    turk

  • Murhaf

    Dear Sirs

    I would really thank you for this fascinating and beneficial site that contains alot of information about budgies mutations. Secondly, I have two pairs of budgies and I would like to know about their breed. I have a dominant pied cock (white belly and a grey spot under the tail as well as white wings streaked with black stripes, additionally black stripes on the head with a plain white spot on the front of the head) and a sky blue hen. The second pair : the cock is recessive pied (yellow color with two green spots on the belly and under the tail) and the hen is dominant pied light green belly with yellow head and streaks of black on the wings.
    Finally, I would be so grateful if u have answers to my questions about what the offspring of my budges can be.

    Kindest regards;

    Murhaf

  • Kelly A

    Hi just wondering I have 17 budgies and I have notice that some of them have got blue feet were pink and some have patches of blue one there pink feet , could there be a problem with them . regards Kelly

  • BirdLover85

    Thanks for the help on this site. I found that I have an opaline grey Texas clear body. I would post photos but wasn’t sure how to on here. I wanted to make sure that is right. She is canary yellow, no green, only some slight brownish grey spots on her and grey wing tips. She’s more canary than parakeet lol

  • zeonii

    My budgie is white and brown with a purple belly. Not just brown markings his colour his full on brown. I have not seen this before. Anyone have any ideas with this came from? I can send a photo if you wish to see.

  • Betty Ayers

    Love this site. I have just started breeding parakeets and your site is very beneficial.

  • Allan

    Hi,
    I have fallen in love with English Budgies, and am thinking about getting two pairs from a professional breeder from a different state. I am not sure what should I be asking for. The guy has different colors and asking different prices. He has violets, albinos, lutinos, greens, gray-greens, cobalts, olives, and normal blues. Supposedly all of them are show qualities. I am totally confused. I have bread other birds, professionally, like Cockatiels and canaries, but with these birds, I am totally lost. I need some guidance, please.

  • Swati Roy

    A little off topic…can someone tell me how long blue spangles live? Can they talk?
    I m a newbie for keeping birds..and I m looking forward to buy a pair 🙂

  • MsEmily

    Is it possible for a female budgie to have blue feet?
    I bought two budgies(Bud & GiGi) and was told they were male and female. However, the cere on the smaller, younger bird (Bud) has turned to brown. I have since bought an older male budgie (Blue). Now Bud and Blue are palling around a bit and Bud is starting to go into the breeding box. Does this mean that Bud is a female with blue feet?

  • Gene

    I have several keets that are bright blue / clear yellow pied.
    As I have not been able to find ANY reference to same, I am asking for anyone who has any knowledge of same to contact me as to their rarity or commonality.
    Are these birds commercially available?
    Is there any market for same?
    Gene

  • Vivien

    Hello what color chicks would i get if i bred a male yellowface blue budgie with a female that looks just like the pic of a normal with a green/yellow opaline (her colors are just like the opaline but she isnt an opaline)
    I can also send pics of them

  • Terry branch

    Really don’t know what this is the white and yellow one can someone help me out

    • If they are solid white or solid yellow, read the sections on this page about Inos (Albino and Lutino), Double-Factor Spangles, and Dark-eyed Clears.

  • varun

    i have a green male & white female. but chicks are all green(4).
    again.. a blue male & female couple but all chick are all green..

    is color depends on temperature also…

    • No, temperature has nothing to do with what color the chicks will be. Green (yellow base) is dominant and blue (white base) is recessive.

  • Rene Steyn

    I found a brown budgie with red and blue under. I would like to know if anyone knows something about this type of budgie?

    • Budgerigars don’t have a red mutation. There are other parakeet varieties that do have red or pink feathers though (for instance Bourke and Rosella). Feel free to email me a photo and I’ll see if I can identify yours.

  • Jane

    My budgie pair is like the one titled Opaline gray-green Texas Clearbody (a rare mutation; visually all mustard yellow throughout with black markings), American x English cross. “Georgia O’Keeffe” – See more at: http://puppiesareprozac.com/budgie-parakeet/colors-varieties-mutations-genetics/#sthash.9t17tMzX.dpuf and Dilute opaline blue American parakeet “Blue Belle” .what will be the colour of the babies?

  • Jane

    My budgie pair is like the one titled Opaline gray-green Texas Clearbody (a rare mutation; visually all mustard yellow throughout with black markings), American x English cross. “Georgia O’Keeffe” – See more at: http://puppiesareprozac.com/budgie-parakeet/colors-varieties-mutations-genetics/#sthash.9t17tMzX.dpuf and Dilute opaline blue American parakeet “Blue Belle” .what will be the colour of the babies?

  • harmoney

    thanx loads :). i am a budgi breeder as well 4 yrs up to now. im facinated with genetics but didn’t know how to properly classify them (by color) and want 2 present a chart on the progress i have made so far in the hopes of becoming a pro breeder!!! 🙂

  • rachel

    Hello there!
    I’m emailing from England as you seem to be the most informative website on budgies that I’ve found!
    I was wondering whether you would mind if I sent you a photo of a bird I have found, I’m trying to confirm whether it is a Lutino budgie? My local vet says it is but I am not so sure, only because of information I’ve seen on the web!
    Kind regards,
    Rachel

  • amir uddin

    Very informative

  • Nancy Adams

    Where can I purchase these beautifully colored birds?
    I’m in Northern California but am happy to go south or north or east (Reno)

  • Christi Stacy

    I am a 43 yr old first time budgie owner/breeder. I’ve had my female for two years and my male for just over a year. The layed six eggs about six weeks ago. Three hatched and they threw one baby out after a week and a half, so it died. The remaining two are thriving. My question is. I can’t figure out what color my adults are called. My female is mainly white with very light purple wings and black main tail feathers. My male is mostly white with very light turquoise wings and black main tail feathers. They basically look alike except for their wings. I can’t wait for another few days to see the color of the two babies. Are you able to help me with identifying the name of their coloring? Thank you for any help you can give me.

  • Bridey

    What mutation would a green blue and yellow faced budgie be?

  • Bridey rolls

    What mutation would a green blue and yellow faced budgie be?

  • Mizzy

    maybe put some more ‘normal budgie’ pictures in so that way we know what is what…
    also make sure people are going to know what type, color and breeding color that will be made after breeding with certain colors!!

  • Nanny Burd

    I have pics of a budgie mutation that I GUARENTEE you have NEVER seen before… How can I post some pics of her to you? No one yet has been able to identify her.

    • I’d love to see photos. Please email them to Jen @ puppiesareprozac .com (remove all spaces from the email address). Thanks!

  • Daniel Crosland

    Hi my name is Daniel Crosland and I would like the know what colour babies I would get from a cobalt blue cock budgie and an albino white budgie hen and also what color babies would I get if I breed a green cock budgie with a lutino hen thanks from Daniel Crosland

  • vinesh

    Hey! I am really looking forward to having my budgie babies since they are showing signs of mating. I’m wondering which color babies would I get? The male is the light green original color and the female is yellow face type 1 skyblue color.

    • The green color is dominant over blue so unless the male is split for blue (recessive), you’ll get 100% green babies. If the male is split for blue, you’ll get some greens, blues, and yellow faces. Because neither of them have a dark factor, 100% of the babies will be light green (or skyblue if male is split for blue)

      • Vinesh

        Thanks alot, will surely share the outcome of the babies after they arrive, thanks again.

  • sheikh imran

    I have paired a double factor yellow male with albino female. What will be the results and from these baby what I paired to got 100% red eyes. Please guide me.

    • Using a Double Factor Spangle results in 100% Single Factor Spangle chicks. Ino (Albino or Lutino) is a sex-linked recessive, so unless the male carries Ino, none of the chicks will be Ino. In other words, if you DO get some Ino chicks, then you’ll know that the male is split for Ino.

  • Mary Jane

    I have seven birds, six parakeets, and one cockatiel. One parakeet, named, “Kiwi,” I don’t think, or find, seems to fit into your structure or charts. I think he’s “Quad Colored,” assuming you don’t count black as one of the colors, otherwise he would be six colors. He has light or faded, yellow, green, blue, bluish green, white, and a vivid / electric / iridescent violet patch on his cheeks.

    • From your description, he sounds like a yellowface type 2 blue pied. The type 2 “bleeds” into the blue, causing it to turn blue-green/turquoise/teal. The pied mutation would show white areas.

  • michael

    I am in northern california .
    How do i purchase one of your birds ?

  • Emese

    I have a male (Violet Green. SF Violet. Normal) and a female (Cobalt. DF Violet. Opaline, SF Dominant Pied), so what colours do you think they would have?
    Many thanks!
    -Emese
    xx

  • Zayan

    How to get rainbowchicks . Please expalin in a simple way as I don’t understand much about mutation.

  • Giselle

    What will be the outcome if my grey-wing female budgie and my sky blue, opaline male budgie breed?

  • Giselle

    What will I get if my Dilute grey female and recessive pied sky blue parakeets breed?

  • Nived

    Hi, can you tell me what can be the result if I breed an albino female and a dominant double factor cinnamon pied blue

  • Princess

    Hi I have a budgie that’s 3-4 months approximately and his cere is a brown colour.. is this a bad thing?

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